The Caspian Sea
The Caspian Sea is one of Azerbaijan’s most important resources. It is a trade route, provides fresh seafood, and there are billions of US dollars worth of oil beneath the sea floor.
The Caspian sea is filled with a diverse population of fish: Caspian salmon, sturgeon, and sardines are just a few kinds. About one-third of these species are endemic, meaning they are not found anywhere else in the world.
In addition to all that fish, salt is another resource found in the Caspian. Salt harvesting in the country dates back more than 5,000 years. There are two ways to collect salt from the Earth. One way is through mining or separating salt from the layers of rock deep under the Earth’s surface. Another way is by allowing the salt water from a sea or an ocean to evaporate and collecting the large chunky crystals that are left behind as the water evaporates. This evaporating process seems like a much easier way to collect salt.
It is nearly impossible to imagine Azerbaijan without all of these resources. That is why it’s so important to make sure the Caspian Sea is a healthy habitat for the species that live here. This isn’t alway easy to do, though. Pollution, drilling, irrigation, and overfishing are some of the challenges that Azerbaijan faces. It’s important to protect these resources so we can enjoy their benefits for a long time to come!