Queen Victoria was queen of the United Kingdom and Ireland. The daughter of Edward, the Duke of Kent, she became queen at the age of 18 in 1837, and ruled until her death in 1901.
At the time Queen Victoria reigned, Great Britain was governed by a system called a “constitutional monarchy,” which gave most of the power to Parliament. Although Queen Victoria had limited power, she was still very influential during her reign. Under Queen Victoria’s guidance, Great Britain claimed territories around the world, including India, Canada, much of East Africa, Australia, New Zealand, and parts of Southeast Asia. This time of her reign is also known as the “Victorian Age.” The Victorian Age was a long period of peace and prosperity for Britain.
Queen Victoria lived in an age when advancements in technology and transportation helped spread her fame and influence around the world. Railways and advanced sailing technology allowed Queen Victoria and her family to travel across the British Empire. Also, photography and improved ways of communication helped tell people worldwide of Queen Victoria’s royal accomplishments.
Today, many sites worldwide have been named in honor of Queen Victoria, including Victoria Falls in Zambia, the capital city of Victoria in British Columbia, Canada, Victoria Harbour in Hong Kong, and Victoria Terminus in Mumbai, India.
Text by Emily Chan. Image: Queen Victoria in her coronation robes by George Hayter.