Tanzania is located on the eastern coastline of central Africa. Some quick facts about Tanzania include:
- The nation’s name is actually a combination of two names: Tanganyika and Zanzibar. Tanganyika gained independence from Britian in 1961; and British-controlled Zanzibar became independent in 1963. In 1964, Tanganyika and Zanzibar united to form Tanzania.
- More than 47 million people currently live in Tanzania.
- The world’s earliest human skull was found in the country’s Olduvai Gorge.
- At 5,895 meters (almost 20,000 ft.) above sea level, Mount Kilimanjaro is the largest mountain in Africa.
- Although Dar es Salaam was replaced by Dodoma as Tanzania’s capital city, in 1996, it still remains Tanzania’s most populous city, with nearly 4.5 million people.
- Each year, the great wildebeest migration takes place in the southern Serengeti of Tanzania. During this journey 1.5 million wildebeest move throughout the Serengeti and Masai Mara (Kenya) in search of grass to graze upon. 400,000 zebra accompany them along the way.
Text by Emily Chan. Image from the CIA Factbook