The island nation of Mauritius is located in the Indian Ocean off the eastern coast of the African continent. Some quick facts about Mauritius include:
- The country has a total area of 787 sq. miles, which is roughly three times the size of Colorado Springs, Colorado.
- Mauritius was created by volcanic activity between 7 and 10 million years ago. The main island is surrounded by coral reefs and nearly a hundred tiny islets and volcanic rock formations.
- The country is a melting pot of cultures and ethnicities. Approximately 30% of the population is of African descent, there is a small population of European descent, and the remainder is mostly of Indian descent.
- Mauritius is one of the richest, most developed countries in Africa. The economy relies heavily on textiles, tourism, and sugarcane.
- The dodo bird, found on Mauritius, was made extinct by humans in 1681. Dutch settlers used the dodo for food. The introduction of non-native animals such as dogs, rats, and pigs destroyed the dodo’s habitat and raided their nests. Within 100 years of human interaction the Dodo became extinct.
Text by Lori Sussle.