Located in the Southern Hemisphere, Australia is surrounded by the Indian and Pacific Oceans. Some quick facts about Australia include:
- Sometimes referred to as the island continent, Australia is the world’s smallest continent and sixth largest country by total area spanning 2.9 million square miles.
- Excluding all its offshore islands, it has 21,262 miles of coastline and is one of the world’s most urbanized coastal dwelling populations with over 80 percent of Australians living within 62 miles of the coast.
- Some of most dangerous and deadly species in the world lurk in Australia’s wild, including 36 species of highly toxic Atracinae, or Australian funnel-web spiders, and 20 types of poisonous snakes.
- Despite English being most commonly used, Australia does not have an official language. However, 200 different languages and dialects are spoken. The most common languages are Italian, Greek, Cantonese, Arabic, Vietnamese, and Mandarin.
- Since it’s first gold rush in 1851, Australia is now the world’s fourth largest producer of gold.
Text by Niki de Witt.