Mexico City is México’s capital and largest city. Located in the southern-central part of the country, Mexico City is the center of business, culture, and government for the country. Similar to Washington D.C., it does not belong to any of the 31 Mexican states.
Central Mexico City has a population of almost 9 million people. The larger metro area has more than 21 million people, making it the largest urban area in the Americas.
Mexico City was built atop Tenochtitlán, the center of the Aztec empire. The modern-day downtown area, or the Zocalo, is built on the same spot where the Emperor Moctezuma’s palace once stood. Many of the churches and governmental building that can be seen throughout Mexico City today were constructed in the 16th and 17th centuries using stones from ancient Aztec temples.
Spain’s influence is prevalent, with Mexico’s City’s official language being Spanish and more than 90 percent of the city’s population following the Roman Catholic faith.
Oftentimes overlooked by foreign tourists, Mexico City is home to archaeological sites, museums, restaurants, famous artists, art and architecture, popular sports teams, extensive markets and shopping centers, and more.
Text by Maisie Bornstein & Annie Leroux.
Image of El Ángle monument in Mexico City by Lindsay Clark.